Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Nature of Operations and Business Activities

Nature of Operations and Business Activities
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Nature of Operations and Business Activities Nature of Operations and Business Activities
Nature of Operations
Skye Bioscience, Inc. (the “Company”) was initially incorporated in Nevada on March 16, 2011 as Load Guard Logistics, Inc. On October 31, 2014, the Company closed a reverse merger transaction (the “Merger”) pursuant to which Nemus, a California corporation (“Nemus Sub”), became the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, and the Company assumed the operations of Nemus Sub. Nemus Sub was incorporated in the State of California on July 17, 2012. On November 3, 2014, the Company changed its name to Nemus Bioscience, Inc. by merging with Nemus Sub to form a Nevada company.
Effective March 25, 2019, the Company changed its name from Nemus Bioscience, Inc. to Emerald Bioscience, Inc. Effective January 19, 2021, the Company changed its name from Emerald Bioscience, Inc. to Skye Bioscience, Inc.
In August 2019, the Company formed a new subsidiary in Australia, SKYE Bioscience Pty Ltd. (formerly "EMBI Australia Pty Ltd."), an Australian proprietary limited company ("SKYE Bioscience Australia"), in order to qualify for the Australian government’s research and development tax credit for research and development dollars spent in Australia. The primary purpose of SKYE Bioscience Australia is to conduct clinical trials for the Company’s product candidates.
The Company is a pre-clinical pharmaceutical company located in San Diego, California that researches, develops and plans to commercialize cannabinoid derivatives through its own directed research efforts and through several license agreements with the University of Mississippi ("UM").
As of March 31, 2022, the Company has devoted substantially all its efforts to securing product licenses, carrying out its own research and development, building infrastructure and raising capital. The Company has not yet realized revenue from its planned principal operations and is a number of years away from potentially being able to do so.
Liquidity and Going Concern
The Company has incurred operating losses and negative cash flows from operations since inception and as of March 31, 2022, had an accumulated deficit of $50,299,562. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had unrestricted cash in the amount of $6,006,869. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company incurred losses from operations of $2,888,021 and $1,737,262, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company incurred net losses of $3,043,399 and $2,160,517, respectively. The Company expects to continue to incur significant losses through 2022 and expects to incur significant losses and negative cash flows from operations in the future.
The Company’s continued existence is dependent on its ability to raise sufficient additional funding to cover operating expenses and to carry out its research and development activities. As the Company approaches its first clinical trial in the second quarter of 2022, it has increased research and development spending, resulting in an increase in cash used in operating activities. However, based on the Company’s expected cash requirements, without obtaining additional funding by the third quarter of 2022, management believes that the Company will not have enough funds to continue clinical studies and pay down its related party debt. These conditions give rise to substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued.

On October 5, 2018, the Company entered into a Multi-Draw Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with Emerald Health Sciences ("Sciences"), a related party (Note 8). On April 29, 2020, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Multi-Draw Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) with Sciences. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had an outstanding principal balance of $2,464,500 under the Amended Credit Agreement. Effective September 15, 2021, the disbursement line under the Amended Credit Agreement was closed and it no longer serves as a potential source of liquidity to the Company. The outstanding advances plus accrued interest under the Amended Credit Agreement are due on October 5, 2022 (See Note 4).

The Company plans to continue to pursue funding through public equity financings, licensing arrangements, government grants or other strategic arrangements. However, the Company cannot provide any assurances that such additional funds will be available on reasonable terms, or at all. If the Company raises additional funds by issuing equity securities, dilution to existing stockholders would result.
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus ("COVID-19") emerged in Wuhan, China. Since then, it has spread to the United States, the European Union, and Australia, where the Company has operations and conducts laboratory research and clinical studies. The effects of COVID-19 could impact the Company's ability to operate as a going concern and maintain sufficient liquidity to continue operations. The impact of COVID-19 on companies is evolving rapidly and its future effects are uncertain. It is possible that the Company may encounter issues relating to the current situation that will need to be considered by management in the future. The factors to take into account in going concern judgements and financial projections include travel bans, restrictions, government assistance and potential sources of replacement financing, financial health of service providers and the general economy.

The Company has made adjustments to its operations designed to keep its employees safe and comply with federal, state, and local guidelines. The extent to which COVID-19 may further impact the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence. In response to COVID-19, the United States government has passed legislation and taken other actions to provide financial relief to companies and other organizations affected by the pandemic.

Notably, the Company relies on third party manufacturers to produce its product candidates. The manufacturing of SBI-100 is conducted in the United States. Formulation of the eye drop for testing is also performed in the United States but can rely on regulatory-accepted excipients that can be sourced from countries outside the United States. In connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, there could possibly be an impact on sourcing materials that are part of the eye drop formulation, as well as impacting volunteer and/or patient recruitment in Australia for clinical studies. The location of the clinical trial site is in Australia and since the COVID-19 outbreak in that country, multiple cities have experienced health emergency lockdowns which have had a negative impact on the conduct and timelines of the clinical studies. Therefore, the Company has shifted its first-in-human studies of SBI-100 to the second quarter of 2022.

After considering the plans to alleviate substantial doubt, management has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.